What are EMS?
EMS protect wildlife habitats and species of European importance through Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) and Special Protection Areas (SPA) that are covered by tidal waters. These sites contain some of England’s most vulnerable marine wildlife and habitats.
SAC are designated under the Habitats Directive to conserve marine habitats or species of European importance listed in Annex I and II of the Directive.
SPA, established under the Birds Directive, protect populations of bird species of European importance listed in Annex I of the Directive and/or regularly occurring migratory birds within the EU.